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Copyright & Fair Use: Reserves

Mabee Library Reserves Form (physical items)

Media Librarian

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Farhad Moshiri
Library-Room 205
Media Collection, Music Collection, Copyright. Library liaison to Music Department.

Library Print Reserves Collection & Copyright

The American Library Association (ALA) has endorsed the following standards  recommended by the Copyright Clearance Center, Inc. for sharing copyrighted material through paper-based reserves:


1.       The amount of material should be reasonable in relation to the total amount of material assigned for one term of a course, taking into account the nature of the course, its subject matter and level. See 17 U.S.C. § 107(1) and (3).

2.       The number of copies should be reasonable in light of the number of students enrolled, the   difficulty and timing of assignments, and the number of other courses which may assign the same materials. See 17 U.S.C. § 107(1) and (3).

3.       The material should contain a notice of copyright. See 17 U.S.C. § 401.

4.       The effect of photocopying the material should not be detrimental to the market for the work (In general, the library should own at least one copy of the work.) See 17 U.S.C. § 107(4).


The following are principles based on the above standards and best practices by major universities and institutions of higher education:

1.       Faculty can place library materials or their own personal items on reserve as supplementary materials to their courses as long as these items are  legally acquired.


2.       Personal materials can be placed on reserve for one semester only. If faculty need to use the same items for more than one semester, the library should consider purchasing the items for its collection depending on its collection development policy and the availability of funds.*


                  *Excluding textbooks. UIW Mabee Library (main campus) does not purchase textbooks.


3.       Faculty desk copies or review copies must include the written permission of the publishers that allow textbooks to be placed on reserve in the Library.

4. Materials received from inter-library loan cannot be put on reserves.


Please refer to the library's Course Reserves Policy and procedures for detailed information.

Electronic Reserves

At this time, the library does not offer an electronic reserves collection. For using electronic materials in your courses please see the "Online Teaching" tabs in this guide.

Electronic Reserves Guidelines and Best Practices

Staff LADR