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APA Style (7th ed.): In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations

In-Text Citations will appear in your writing at the point where you are referencing the information, whether it is a summary, a paraphrase, or a direct quote.


A meta-analysis of available literature (Jones, 1998) revealed inconsistency across large-scale studies of student learning (Table 3).

According to Jones (1998), "Students often had difficulty using APA style, especially when it was their first time" (p. 199).

According to Jones (1998), APA style is a difficult citation format for first-time learners.

In-Text Samples

(Author, Year)

(Author, n.d.)

(Jones, 2019)

(Asio & Gadia, 2019)

(Capone et al., 2012)

(U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, 2010)

("Appeal to Authority," n.d.)

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