The elements of an APA citation, no matter the type of resource being cited, are:
Who is responsible for the creation of this work? (Author)
When was this work created? (Year)
What is this work called? (Title/Journal)
Where can I retrieve this work? (DOI or URL)
- Omit missing elements except for date, which should be replaced by (n.d).
Scott, G.L. (n.d.). The Canadian government has further softened access to information privileges. Vice. Retrieved from http://www.vice.com/en_ca/read/the-canadian-government-has-further-softened-access-to-information-privileges
(Scott, G.L., n.d.)
- For missing author, use title.
Autonomy. (2008). Key Concepts in Nursing. London, United Kingdom: Sage.
See the APA Style Blog for more information about how to cite materials created using AI, such as ChatGPT.
Changes to In-Text Citations and Reference List Entries:
From Scribbr APA Manual 7th edition: Most notable changes. (2019) https://www.scribbr.com/apa-style/apa-seventh-edition-changes/